The role of education in the New Europe 2020

Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth

As the European Union sets its new political agenda in a time of crisis and change, there is one thing on which all are agreed: innovation is the best way forward for Europe. Only innovation will ensure growth and development and secure quality of life in Europe. Only innovation will keep Europe at the competitive leading edge.

Moving out of the crisis is the immediate challenge, but the biggest challenge is to resist the temptation to try to return to the pre-crisis situation. Even before the crisis, there were many areas, including innovation, where Europe was not progressing fast enough relative to the rest of the world.

Yet innovation is a widely recognised necessity. Leading companies and public and private bodies have long pleaded for innovation to be given all the importance it deserves.

Shared objective

The 2009 European Year of Creativity and Innovation has shown that innovation is far from being a narrow sectoral interest for policy-makers, industrialists or researchers: innovation is a widely accepted and shared objective.

The number and diversity of projects and ideas put forward in 2009 to foster creativity and innovation greatly exceeded our most optimistic expectations, and came from all walks of life.

This broad endorsement calls for an appropriate response, and the Commission is listening carefully. Europe 2020, the European Union’s new strategy for growth and social cohesion, hinges on innovation and creativity.

Education is an essential lever for achieving the objectives of Europe 2020. Two of the strategy’s three priorities, smart growth, based on knowledge and innovation, and an inclusive high- employment society, as well as three of its seven flagship initiatives (Innovation Union, Youth on the Move, and An Agenda for New Skills and Jobs) depend critically on education and training.

The 2009 Manifesto of the European Ambassadors for Creativity and Innovation fittingly highlights the links between lifelong learning, creative thinking at all levels of education, strong cultural industries, scientific research geared to improving people’s lives and stimulating innovation, design processes and thinking, and business innovation.

The interdependence between education, research and innovation – often referred to as the knowledge triangle – is a key element of European innovation policy.

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) – which is just now becoming fully operational – was a first step in establishing the best conditions for developing and strengthening these relationships.

The European Institute of Innovation and Technology role is to stimulate co-operation between innovation players, opening new ways for all forms of innovation, be it social, scientific or technological.

Youth on the move

Youth on the Move is set to build on successful programmes like Erasmus to enhance the effectiveness and international attractiveness of Europe’s higher-education system.

Modern curricula and governance responsive to social needs, adequate funding, and increased accountability of universities’ performance and educational results are core aspects of this.

An immediate effect should be to improve the employment prospects of young people, who are amongst those who have been worst hit by the crisis, and to increase the number of young people choosing research and innovation careers in the private or the public sector.

But if higher-education graduates, researchers and entrepreneurs are the obvious innovation partners, they certainly do not come out of thin air.

Making the Innovation Union happen starts at school. The young scientists and innovators that Europe needs will come from effective education systems that identify and nurture talent, fostering and valuing the skills and attitudes in which innovation is grounded – creativity, initiative, responsibility, team-working – and leveraging all existing resources, such as ICT.

This is why Youth on the Move is set to raise the quality of all levels of lifelong education and training in the European Union, including formal, non-formal and informal learning, and learning at work.

Agenda for new skills and jobs

The Agenda for New Skills and Jobs means empowering people to adapt to new conditions through the acquisition of new skills. It will give an impetus to the strategic framework that we have put in place for European co-operation in education and training over the coming decade.

That framework hinges on the implementation of lifelong learning principles, in co-operation with member states and involving all stakeholders, including the social partners.

Advanced innovation systems in Europe are characterised by rich lifelong learning opportunities, supporting a skilled and motivated workforce in which people are able to take decisions and develop responsibility for their work.

Flagship initiatives

More could be said about education in the Europe 2020 flagship initiatives. For example, the Digital Agenda requires digital skills at all levels of cempetancy. Digital literacy has become an essential key competence, and its uneven distribution – the so-called digital divide – is fast becoming a 21st-century form of social exclusion.

The Digital Agenda also means getting young people interested in the whys and the hows of the digital media and of the devices that they use: for Europe to become a first-order player in the development of the digital civilisation, a first-order, creative IT workforce is essential.

Finally, other existing Community instruments will be geared to the Europe 2020 agenda. As Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, I plan to mobilise another important innovation lever: culture, including the cultural and creative industries sector, which is a strong European asset, both on its own terms and as a factor in broader economic activity.

Creative partnerships are increasingly used by business as well as by education to unlock creative talent and innovation capacities. Creativity and imaginative thinking are at the source of innovation in all sectors.

This concerted contribution from education will help transform the European innovation landscape; this is essential to achieve the European Union’s long- standing goals of growth, competitiveness and social cohesion.

 

Androulla Vassiliou,
European Commissioner for Education,
Culture, Multilingualism and Youth

For more information visit:
www.ec.europa.eu/dgs/education_culture/index_en.htm

Categories: innovation eu vol2-1

Embracing open innovation

For the past couple of years, open innovation has been receiving an increasing amount of attention, both in academia as well as in business. More and more firms have included open innovation as a central part in their strategy and examples of open innovation practices around Europe are manifold. Consider, for example, the open innovation practices by leading firms such as Nokia, which has formed strategic partnerships with a number of academic partners to foster innovation. Another example of open innovation is the High Tech Campus Eindhoven (Netherlands), an ecosystem where more than 90 companies share equipment, services and facilities. Lego’s Mindstorm programme, aimed at obtaining innovative ideas from consumers, is another well-known example.

Following Chesbrough et al. (2006: p1) open innovation can be defined as “the use of purposive inflows and outflows of knowledge to accelerate internal innovation, and to expand the markets for external use of innovation, respectively”. This suggests that open innovation consists of two main activities: bringing external knowledge into the firm and bringing internal knowledge outside the firm. However, another crucial aspect of successful implementation of open innovation can be found in the organisation itself. In order to successfully transfer knowledge across firm boundaries, it is important that open innovation is understood and supported by the employees of an organisation. A certain mindset, therefore, is needed to successfully implement open innovation practices.

Recently, Atos Consulting carried out a large-scale survey among firms in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Spain in order to assess the current state of open innovation within firms. The survey measured four elements: the extent to which open innovation is incorporated in the innovation strategy; the use of external knowledge inside the firm (outside-in); the extent to which internal knowledge is monetised outside the firm (inside-out); and the open innovation mindset of the company.

The results of this particular study show that open innovation is not yet widely practised; some organisations have implemented many open innovation techniques, whereas others have barely started doing this. The open innovation mindset of firms is the least developed element. In addition, few companies use processes for bringing internal knowledge outside. Firms seem to be much more comfortable sourcing external knowledge than they are sharing their own knowledge with others.

Innovation strategy

Figure 1 illustrates to what extent companies in the four countries that were included in this study have incorporated open innovation in their formal innovation strategy.

Figure 1 shows that many aspects of the respondents’ open innovation strategy are well covered, particularly in the Netherlands and Belgium. Spain, and to a larger extent France, seem to lag behind those countries. In general, two areas appear to deserve more attention within firms. Knowledge management seems to be well organised within firms, but the management of external knowledge flows is still relatively underdeveloped. In addition, evaluation of innovation projects leaves room for improvement.

Although the results of the study show that innovation projects are checked for false positives (projects that pass the evaluation, but turn out to be unsuccessful on the market), false negatives are hardly examined. These are projects that didn’t pass a certain stage, but in hindsight should have been continued.

Outside-in

The second part of the study focused on the outside-in element of open innovation: to what extent do companies bring outside knowledge into the firm? Figure 2 shows the main results.

Looking at Figure 2, it becomes apparent that bringing external knowledge into the firm is mostly implemented in the Netherlands followed by Belgium, and then by France and Spain. Nevertheless, all countries follow similar trends: traditional ways of getting access to external knowledge, such as co-operation with customers, suppliers, and universities, are commonly used. Other methods that have more recently gained ground (such as corporate venture capital (CVC), investments in start-ups, crowdsourcing, and the use of innovation intermediaries) are still not very common. Also in- licensing of IP seems to be underdeveloped at this stage.

Inside-out

In this part of the study, questions were asked regarding the extent to which firms bring internal knowledge outside the firm. The results are shown in Figure 3.

Looking at Figure 3, we can conclude that bringing internal technology outside the firm is not a very common practice yet. Although this part of open innovation is done to some extent in the Dutch and Belgian firms in our sample, firms in Spain and France seem to hardly bring any knowledge outside the firm. Only IP protection is commonly done. IP protection is an important aspect of knowledge protection, which is needed in order to profit from the knowledge.

Although firms are well aware of the importance of IP protection, the question as to how unused IP can be monetised outside the firm has been given little thought in most companies. This is supported by the result of another part of this study, which shows that many patents (65%) are not being used. To some extent, this can be explained by the fact that not all patents are equally valuable and some patents are filed to protect competitors to enter the market rather than using the patent for own products. However, there are also patents that are valuable, but just don’t fit the firm’s strategy. These patents could, for instance, be licensed-out in order to gain some financial benefit. However, this rarely happens in practice.

Mindset

The final part of the study deals with the mindset that firms have towards open innovation. The results are presented in Figure 4.

As shown in Figure 4, the mindset of firms towards open innovation shows some room for improvement. Open innovation is not yet part of the core of organisations. Interestingly, the results suggest that in many companies open innovation is promoted verbally, but employees do not receive rewards for practising it. Managers reward people less for knowledge that has been obtained from an external source than for knowledge that has been developed internally.

This appears to be a big gap between theory and practice: if firms want open innovation to become a successful part of their corporate strategy, it is important to value both internally and externally developed ideas equally. In addition, employees are not supported by the right management tools for open innovation. Many new management tools require additional investments, which apparently firms are not (yet) willing to make.

Open innovation application

Based on the results of this study, a number of things become apparent. First of all, the results show that open innovation is not yet widely applied within firms, and that differences exist also between different countries. Overall, respondents in the Netherlands and Belgium have implemented more open innovation principles than their Spanish and French counterparts. However, notwithstanding the differences between the countries, the general trends are similar for all countries involved in this open innovation study. Focusing on the two main aspects of open innovation, ie outside-in and inside-out movements, we can conclude that open innovation is not yet fully implemented. It seems that firms face four key challenges when implementing open innovation.

First of all, although most firms have formal innovation strategies that are orientated towards open innovation, the mindset that is necessary to implement and benefit from open innovation is still not present among employees. A lot of firms are still in the process of making the transition from closed to open innovation. A second challenge is related to bringing internal knowledge outside the firm. Although in-sourcing external knowledge is becoming more and more common, the reverse route is less commonly applied. Hence, there is a lot of valuable knowledge lying on the shelf.

In order to create value from internal knowledge that cannot be applied within the own organisation, firms need to become more aware of the usefulness of some of the open innovation techniques that can be used to externalise this knowledge. A third challenge concerns the management techniques for open innovation. While we see an increase in the use of more traditional techniques, implementing newer techniques is more problematic.

Crowdsourcing, for example, calls for new questions and challenges concerning the ownership of the new IP. Who will be the owner of the IP? How can you make sure that the ideas that are brought to you through crowdsourcing are not yet patented by another firm? As a result of these uncertainties, firms are less inclined to experiment with newer strategies for open innovation.

Finally, when top management claims to support open innovation, but neither adjusts the incentive system and nor invests in the development of management support in this area, implementing open innovation will not be an easy task. When firms want to make a successful transition from closed to open innovation it is important to provide full top management support. Just saying that things need to be done will not be sufficient.

For more information, contact:

Vareska van de Vrande
Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
Tel: +31 10 408 2847
E-mail: vvrande@rsm.nl

THE SURVEY ON OPEN INNOVATION

For this study, a survey was held among 760 firms, which all had a relationship with Atos Consulting. Of these firms, 120 firms have responded, which is a 16% response rate. The final sample consists of 76 firms from the Netherlands, 11 from Belgium, 19 from France, and 14 firms from Spain.

All respondents come from R&D departments and the sample represents different industries, including manufacturing, electronics, nutrition and chemicals.

The survey was divided into four sections. In the first section, respondents were asked questions regarding their innovation strategy. Questions included their innovation ambition, the extent to which they are looking outside, and the effectiveness of using external knowledge.

The second section concerns the use of external knowledge. Questions in this section regarded the use of different mechanisms to bring external knowledge within the firm (for example, the use of suppliers and customers, and strategic alliances).

Next, the third section dealt with bringing internal knowledge outside the firm. Similar to the second section of the survey, questions were asked concerning the use of transfer mechanisms, including spin-offs, licensing, and innovation intermediaries.

The fourth section contained questions regarding the mindset for open innovation. Questions that were asked in this section concerned top management support and alliance management for instance.

All of the questions were answered using a 5-point Likert scale, where higher numbers indicate a higher use of the open innovation practice under study.

REFERENCES

Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W., West, J., 2006. Open innovation: Researching a new paradigm. Oxford University Press, London.

Categories: innovation eu vol2-1

Middle East Technical University

The mission of METU is to reach, produce, apply and promote knowledge, and to educate individuals with that knowledge for the social, cultural, economic, scientific and technological development of society and humanity.
The vision statement includes:

  • Internationalization
  • Priority for research
  • Educating the leaders of future
  • Creating synergy by interdisciplinary work
  • Innovation Leadership role in the progress of the society
  • Employee satisfaction

Image related to: Middle East Technical UniversityMiddle East Technical University

EDUCATION

  • METU accepts students only from top 1.5 % of approximately 1.8 million applicants taking the National University Entrance Examination, each year.
  • METU hosts over 1400 international students coming from different countries.
  • All undergraduate programmes in the Engineering Faculty, that went through the ABET (Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology- USA) evaluation (first practice in the country) were granted substantial equivalency (accreditation for non-USA programmes).

RESEARCH

METU is one of the leading R&D universities in Turkey The overall volume of grants awarded to METU is among the highest in Turkey. Research incomes account approximately for over 35% of total income of METU.

  • METU had the greatest share in national research projects funded by the The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBTAK) in the last five years.
  • METU is the premier university in Turkey, in terms of the number of the EU Framework Programme (FP) projects. A wide spectrum of international COST, EUREKA, MEDA, NATO, NSF, UN, World Bank, Jean Monnet projects have also been carried out by METU reseachers.

Research Infrastructure All departments possess fully equiped research laboratories. In addition, METU has the most advanced Central Laboratory in the country and the region in terms of extensive range of state-of-the-art equipment. Numerous basic, applied and social science research centers complement METU’s R&D resources. Some examples are:

Image related to: Middle East Technical UniversityMiddle East Technical University

RANKING

  • In the Webometrics (Cyberlab) worldwide ranking among 15.000 universities, in July 2009, METU ranked as world’s 435th (1st place in Turkey).
  • The number of Ph.D. Students, graduated from USA universities by 1998-2003 were evaluated by the National Science Foundation. METU graduates rank 11th in all faculties and rank 6th among Engineering Faculty graduates.

SCIENCE AND SOCIETY

  • Science in Society Project (SSP) aims to disseminate knowledge created within the university and increase scientific literacy of the society. METU is the first university in Turkey to settle a far-reaching Science and Technology Museum visited by around 2500 people each month.
  • Faculty Development Programme (FDP): Within the context of FDP, with a budget of 10 million € funded by the government, 800 graduate students that receive their PhDs at METU will return to 50 partner universities all over Turkey as academic staff.

NORTHERN CYPRUS CAMPUS (NCC)

METU is the first Turkish university to open a campus outside Turkey Established in 2005, METU NCC enjoys the full academic and administrative support of METU. It offers internationally accepted degree programmes. There are 13 undergraduate programmes and 1 graduate programme. The language of instruction on the Campus is English. www.ncc.metu.edu.tr

METU TECHNOPOLIS

The first and biggest science and technology park in Turkey METUTECH hosts over 240 High-Tech companies, employing more than 3000 R&D personnel. METUTECH’s aims at enhancing Turkey’s R&D potential through university-industry collaboration. METUTECH’s perspective relies on the peripheral eco-innovation model that is composed of several units, each feeding the science park the supplementary influx needed. These are;

  • Incubation Center including pre-incubation programmes (a business plan contest (YFYI), and a thematic pre-incubation center (METUTECH-ATOM)) helps students to transfer their ideas into innovative companies.
  • Technology Transfer Office (METUTECH-TTO) works for commercialization of research outcomes.
  • Business Angel Network (METUTECH-BAN) supplies the early stage companies with necessary support.
  • BSN Anatolia, funded by European Commission, is an International Technology Transfer Programme aiming at internationalization of companies. www.metutech.metu.edu.tr

FACTS AND FIGURES

Established: 1956
Location: Ankara, Turkey
Language of Instruction: English

Faculties:
Architecture
Arts and Sciences
Economic and Admin. Sciences
Education, Engineering

Graduate Schools:
Applied Mathematics
Informatics
Natural and Applied Sciences
Marine Sciences
Social Sciences

International Collaboration:
Erasmus agreements: 156
Bilateral agreements: 160
Joint degree programmes: 15

Research Projects:
(As of July 2009)

TÜBTAK (National RC) Projects
Ongoing: 295
Completed: 72 (2005-2008)

EU FP Projects
Ongoing: 31
Completed: 58

Other International Projects
Ongoing: 30
Completed: 41

Academic Staff: 1150
Research Assistants:
1300

Students:
Undergraduate: 16500,
Graduate: 6500,
International Students: over 1400
from 68 different countries

Social Life:
Social Clubs: 80
Sports Clubs: 12
Sports Teams: 28

Campus size:
Campus area: 4500 hectares

CONTACT
Middle East Technical University
06531 Ankara Turkey
Tel:+90(312)2102000
Fax:+90(312)2101105
www.metu.edu.tr

METU Northern Cyprus Campus
www.ncc.metu.edu.tr

Categories: innovation eu vol1-1

Industrial biotechnology

A powerful, innovative technology to mitigate climate change

Image related to: Industrial biotechnologyDirk CarrezDirk Carrez, Director of Industrial Biotechnology, EuropaBio

Meeting market demands while at the same time reducing the impact we have on our climate is of critical importance to industry. Although, in the past, discussions have centred around the causes of climate change, today society, industry, governments and other stakeholders are searching for solutions to mitigate its impact on our health and on the environment.

Industrial greenhouse gas emissions have substantially decreased over recent years in most industrialised countries. Both regulators and industry have responded to the need to work towards a sustainable future and have focused on developing and innovating technological improvements for the benefit of our environment. However, in spite of these endeavours, current practices and technologies will most likely be insufficient or inadequate to achieve the ambitious objectives set by several countries to tackle climate change. Industries must take bold steps towards establishing more sustainable growth and must be given the opportunity to implement technologies, including the use of biotechnology to reduce our carbon footprint.

 

Biotechnology as a solution provider for climate change

Since the industrial revolution, economic growth has often been linked with accelerating negative environmental impact. The more mankind has produced, the more the planet has been exploited. Industrial biotechnology alters this pattern and breaks the cycle of resource consumption by rethinking traditional industrial processes.

By providing a range of options for competitive industrial performance, biotechnology could enhance economic growth, at the same time biotechnology can save water, energy, raw materials and also reduce waste production.

Industrial biotechnology offers the realistic prospect of a revolutionary move to industrial sustainability through a bio-based economy, with associated emissions reductions of between 1 and 2.5 billion tonnes annually by 2030. Agricultural biotechnology is the key to enabling agriculture to adapt to a warming climate and to ensuring production keeps up with rising demand across the world in an environmentally sensitive manner.

Industrial biotechnology: part of the solution to mitigate climate change and to break the cycle of resource consumption

Industrial or white biotechnology uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make bio-based products in sectors such as chemicals, food and feed, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy (such as biofuels or biogas). In doing so, biotechnology uses renewable raw materials and is one of the most promising, innovative approaches towards lowering greenhouse gas emissions.

The application of industrial biotechnology has been proven to make quite significant contributions towards mitigating the impacts of climate change in these and other sectors. In addition to environmental benefits, biotechnology can improve industry performance and product value and, as the technology develops and matures, white biotechnology will yield more viable solutions for our environment. These innovative solutions bring added benefits for both our climate and our economy.

Image related to: Industrial biotechnologyIndustrial biotechnology

Industrial biotechnology is based on renewable resources, can save energy in production processes, and can significantly reduce CO2 emissions. The impact that biotechnology has on industry is confirmed by scientific studies and reports, such as the OECD’s report on the application of biotechnology to industrial sustainability and, most recently, by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) report on the potential of industrial biotechnology to cut CO2 emissions and help build a greener economy.

The WWF report concludes that the full climate change mitigation potential of biotechnology processes and bio-based products ranges from between one billion and 2.5 billion tons CO2 equivalent per year by 2030. This represents more than Germany’s total reported emissions in 1990. Many low-carbon technologies are already available, and future innovations offer greater potential. Forward-thinking companies have already discovered the potential of biotechnology to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

However, in order to fully realise the potential of biotechnology it will be critical that international policy creates a fully supportive biotechnology legislative framework.

Biotechnology leading us towards a bio-based economy

Our existing energy infrastructure and production processes are largely based on fossil fuels, which results in high levels of greenhouse gas emissions. However, the bio-based economy refers to a future society that will no longer be wholly dependant on fossil fuels and industrial raw materials.

Biotechnology products are a substitute for certain fossil fuel-based products, and they play a valuable role in contributing to a more sustainable society, with the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, generate less waste, and use less fossil fuel and water. The potential to improve sustainability in industry using biotechnology is vast and should be among the top technologies considered in any policy discussion.

Looking to the future, growth and sustainability could go hand in hand by creating new local and international non-food markets based upon the use of local agricultural waste and by contributing to rural development by providing alternative business models for farmers through diversified supplies of renewable raw materials for the bioeconomy. In this and other ways, the quality of life of our global society can be improved by biotechnology while reducing environmental impact and developing innovative products at affordable costs.

If enabled by a supportive, coherent and holistic regulatory framework, industrial biotechnology can help the dream of providing green jobs, improving economic and environmental efficiency (eco-efficiency) and sustainability, while maintaining or improving competitive advantage and growth, a reality for Europe and for Europeans.

Categories: innovation eu vol2-1

Removing Tonsil Stones – What is Effective Way to Cure

Removing tonsil stones is not as easy as it sounds. No simple conventional medication is available for successful eradication of the disease. Only surgical excision along with removal of the affected tonsil (tonsillectomy) is the best option available in the allopathic system of medicine. Chinese herbal therapy is getting popular for permanent eradication of the disease. We shall discuss about them in this article.

But first, let us have some idea about how the tonsil stones occur in our throat. Tonsils are two pink colored, small fleshy tissues present over the back of the throat. They form the initial segment of our immune system as they are filled up with lymphocytes. These lymphocytes have a power to neutralize the invading organisms like bacteria and viruses. When our body experiences any assault from the air or the food, the invaders are captured in the tonsillar tissues. Immediately the lymphocytes are released and the intruders are killed. In this process, tonsil gets inflamed and the patient experiences pain in the throat and malaise. Some experience flu like symptom also. With recurrent infections, the dead organisms along with the dead tonsillar cells are accumulated in the tonsillar crypts. Minerals like calcium and magnesium salts are also deposited within this accumulated mass producing a solid structure which we recognize as tonsil stone. After some time, the central part of the tonsil stone gets putrefactive leading to release of foul smelling gases like hydrogen sulfide and methyl mercaptan. These are the source of bad breath in patient with tonsil stone.

Regular brushing with good quality toothpaste and cleaning of tongue can prevent the formation of tonsil stone. But they cannot reduce the size of a giant stone. At present, no medical management in allopathic system of medicine can cure tonsil stone. Nasal sprays, nasal drops and pain killers can suppress the symptoms for a while. As the patient discontinues the medications, the symptoms recur in no time. Only surgical excision of the tonsil stone with or without tonsillectomy is the definitive method of management.

Recently, Chinese system of herbal therapy is gaining popularity for effective and permanent removing of tonsil stones. It addresses the root cause of the disease and therefore, this method is so successful. It is a 3-step simple medication procedure that does not warrant difficult dietary feelers. The simplicity of the treatment is the beauty of this method. Many people around the world have successfully cured from tonsil stone after undertaking Chinese herbal therapy.

Categories: Health

Suffering From Severe Abdominal Pain? I Know How You Feel


One of the best remedies for abdominal pain relief is core exercise.It is mainly suggested for people who are suffering from lower pain on the abdomen. Performing exercises without knowing what you’re doing may even make the situation worse. In the US, the situation is alarming. Quite a lot of people are suffering from the pain. These days, everyone has to sit in front of the computer for long hours as almost every activity requires computer access.

It results in this kind of pain as it exerts pressure on the back. The most common is the lower side pain as the muscles here are very soft and sensitive when compared to that in upper back. Even children are getting prone to the pain as they sit in front of systems and play games for long hours. Recent studies have revealed that the pain doesn’t happen due to stronger abs or back.

It mostly occurs due to accidents and injuries. If your muscles are strained, you’ll usually experience long lasting pain. In order to relax the muscles from strain, you need to perform suitable stretching exercises. You may strain your back if you’re sitting in an improper position for a long time.

So, it’s advisable to regularly change your position by either going for a walk or stretching yourself. Small walks in between are also advised. You have to perform plank for pain relief. This includes getting into push up position and dropping down. The only parts which have to be in contact with the floor are feet, elbow and forearms. By holding this exercise for almost 2 minutes you’ll be able to reduce the abdominal pain.

Another exercise for the pain relief is keeping the back in contracted position. This is performed opposite to that of plank. This doesn’t require any tools. All that you should do is laying down on the edge of the bed in a way that the upper body hangs off. Someone is necessary to hold down your legs. You need to maintain straight position while carrying this out. This is much harder than the plank and you have to hold it for 90 seconds to get good result. Inversion table is an alternative method to help out pain in the abdomen.

Categories: Health

How to Get Rid of Blisters Fast at Home

Home remedies are always suggested to be the best solution of any problems. And in most cases, it is only the home remedies which work. Home remedy is done using certain spices, vegetables, or other common items to cure a disease. The importance of Home remedies has increased due to the rising cost of conventional medicines and no side effects. There are so many home remedies available for Acne, Allergies, Anemia, Asthma, Back Pain, Blisters, Body Odor, Bronchitis, Burns, Constipation, Cough, Dandruff, Cold Sores etc;

We will be discussing Home Remedies for Cold Sores specifically here. Before going in the detail of How to Get Rid of blisters Fast at Home, we will pour some light on Cold Sores.

You have noticed that your skin produced a reddish painful swelling usually near the mouth, and specifically on your lips. This is what we call Cold Sores. People also call it Fever Blister because it may lead to some sort of fever. The fever may be high in extreme circumstances, for which you have to consult your doctor ultimately. However, if there is no fever you can treat them fast using various home remedies. These home treatments works fine and cure Cold Sores quickly. According to a statistics, about 85% people prefer to get rid of Cold Sores Fast at home.

How to Get Rid of Blisters Fast at Home

These are some best tips that you can use and try to get rid of them at home:

Petroleum Jelly

Petroleum Jelly is the solution of many skin problems. It cures the Cold Sores very effectively. You should use a high quality jelly which you can buy from big medical stores. Although, they may be expensive from other locally manufactured jellies, but your skin is the precious one and you cannot tolerate its beauty at all. Some women use lipstick over the Cold Sore; please do not do this as this will make your skin worst.

Switch the Tooth Brush

If you are using a tooth brush from a long period of time, it may be the cause of producing Cold Sores, so it is advised that you change the tooth brush immediately. You should change tooth brush after every 30 days.

Sunscreen

Direct sun light often makes the Cold Sore worst, so if you have it on your lips, you may use your normal Sunscreen lipstick that you use normally at home. This is very effective and cures Cold Sore quickly.

Wash Your Hand

Cold Sores are contagious in nature. So in order to stop it from spreading, wash your hand frequently with anti bacterial hand wash. Hand wash that you use in your wash rooms usually contains anti bacterial ingredients.

Daily Pain Killers

If you are unable to cover up Cold Sores fast, then you may take some pain killers. Medicines like aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen are very popular and are used in home a lot for the treatment of various pains.

Apply Ice

If you apply ice cubes over the affected Cold Sore skin, it will heal the pain and you feel relax.

Milk

You can apply the milk with a cotton piece on the Cold Sore, it will heal the pain. Cold Milk has been found to be very effective in this situation and it works best in getting rid of blisters Fast at Home.

Categories: Health

Pinched nerve in neck symptoms

Pinched nerve in neck or back indicators and symptoms consist of:

Numbness or even reduced feeling within the region supplied by the nerve.
Clear or burning discomfort, that might expand outward. Once the pinched nerve arises from the spinal-cord, hacking and coughing or perhaps sneezing might aggravate the discomfort.
Pain, “pins and needles” sensations (paresthesia).
Muscle weakness as well as twitching within the impacted region.
Regular sensation that the foot as well as hand has “fallen asleep.”
The issues associated with a pinched nerve might be even worse whenever you are resting.

The pinched nerve feeling might really feel like, for instance, the sensation if your body part has “fallen asleep.”
A pinched nerve within the neck can trigger neck discomfort or stiffness, together with symptoms down the arm.
A pinched nerve within the lower back causes back discomfort and tightness along with signs or symptoms straight down the leg. A physician can frequently identify which nerve is pinched within the neck or lower back depending on what portion of the patient’s arm or leg is affected.
A pinched nerve within the wrist from carpal tunnel syndrome usually impacts the thumb, index, and middle fingers. It may also trigger a weakness within the patient’s grip strength, and atrophy of the muscle of the palm close to the thumb. A pinched nerve within the elbow from cubital tunnel syndrome impacts the forearm, the ring (fourth finger), and also the little fingers of the hand.
Call at your physician when the indicators as well as the signs of a pinched nerve lasts for a number of days and does not react to self-care measures, like rest and over-the-counter discomfort remedies.

Categories: Health

The Dudes’ Guide to Pregnancy: Dealing with Your Expecting Wife, Coming Baby, and the End of Life as You Knew It Reviews


This book is intended to make a bestseller list. I think a lot and love all the nifty features, convenient. Even thought this was funny and I’m pregnant wife. The package arrived to us damaged, but Amazon paid for it back and was replaced very quickly. I’d be lying if I said I do not enjoy this book. If you judge a book by its cover, then you will know immediately that this is going to be good. They watch as changes in the body of his wives.

About the Product I Can Give You Next Details:

The shipping weight of Dudes Guide Pregnancy Dealing Expecting is 6.4 ounces and currently, item can be shipped only within the U.S.A. and Canada. The product dimensions are: 5.2 x 0.6 x 8 inches.

I found the book very entertaining. I gave this 4 stars out of 5 based on the product’s price versus quality , this is the main idea. Guide the children with pregnancy and more than 700,000 books are available for Amazon Kindle – Amazon’s new wireless reading device but not always. I love this stuff, it really makes a difference is a good idea. I keep saying that I bought this future father shortly before leaving on a golf trip in late February. We can say that this product has worked well for me.
The Dudes Guide to pregnancy: Treatment of waiting for your wife, is chair, and end of life when you knew it as many people said. We discovered that family / Relationships eBook Description: When a couple gets pregnant, usually the first thing the mother-to-be does is rush to the bookstore to buy the various pregnancy bibles. Would definitely recommend , is the principal idea. In magazines you will find that and the little details of what is expected of you and how your life will change in the next 40 weeks GUIDE boys PREGNANCY gives A twenty years to forty-something men the indespensible tools and advice they need to maneuver many ups and downs associated with impending fatherhood. Eventually the do’s and don’ts of dealing with the body of his wife and mood swings, her mother and other relatives. You can say that the Dudes’ Guide to Pregnancy: Treatment of waiting for your wife, coming baby, and the end of life as you knew Bill Lloyd Scott Finch. The main idea is they willingly share their experience with other hard men as we discovered.

Best Reviews

1. This is 100% for entertainment. Is common sense that it looks exactly like the picture. Bill Lloyd and Scott Finch warn that this is not a book for women and that the pages are treated with a mysterious chemical that reacts to the female hormones , as someone can say. Maybe they know there is a baby in there, but have little idea of ??what is happening and how your life will change. I love this baby and this can be very important for you. A really great idea is this is not the book to read if you are looking sincere recognition. This sounds crazy but after reading some comments on the Drinking to be very good future father decided to try anyway.
2. He arrived in good condition and was very easy. Generally seriously, this is a great book. This is a wonderful and let’s face it, men look very different in pregnancy women. Read the book only then will you understand as you probably know. In books you will find that now they seem Joan Rivers. It is very disrespectful towards the pregnancy , it is an excellent thing to remember. As you know cover changes in mood, the extension of the body parts, facts and myths.
3. Again, it looks beautiful in my room, I am very happy with it! I am satisfied with my purchase. The product was what I needed , everybody know this. The authors survived pregnancy and learned a lot , everybody know it. You do not have to be a philosopher to know that amazon was the best way forward for us because the shipping was free and had the best return policy if something should go wrong. A good idea is my favorite part was Ask The Dude. The Dudes Guide for pregnancy is written in a style that will appeal to men and that is not all. The product was delivered as promised , isn’t so?.

Categories: Life Tip

Right Body Posture with Relaxo Bak Comfort Seat

In today’s world, almost everyone has the same daily routine of sitting in an office, on a chair, in front of the computer for long hours. Many people have to travel daily for many hours beside office.

Driving or sitting in one posture for so many hours can result into severe back pain. posture braces, massage therapy and many others might be a solution but they are not always suitable for everyone.

If you have tried all of these things mentioned above, and you are still unable to get rid of your back pain, you should continue reading Relaxo Bak review, Relaxo Bak is also indicated for practitioners of workout burns fat calories .

What is Relaxo Bak Comfort Seat?

You might come across a lot of posture brace reviews and if you find them uncomfortable, you need to explore your options for a better solution related to your back pain. Relaxo Bak review is definitely going to help you in taking your decision. Convenient use is the best advantage of Relaxo Bak comfort seat. It must change your feeling while sitting in office or in long drives due to it’s excellent cushioning.

It consists of comfortable padding, which gives a good support to your entire upper body. It will eliminate your back pain because of a good sitting posture, thanks to the great support. You might face many posture related problems due to long sitting time which might cause serious back pain if not treated at initial stage.

Reasons to Select Relaxo Bak Comfort Seat:

You must read the Relaxo Bak review carefully as it will help you to make decision on the available option to treat your back pain. Comfort is the main reason for choosing Relaxo Bak comfort seat. You might find other comfort seats as well, but what distinguishes Relaxo Bak Comfort seat from other seats is the fact that its one size fits all. This means that it does not matter if you are traveling through a bus, train, airplane or a car; you can easily carry your comfortable seat with you. Relaxo Bak comfort seat easily adjustable with any office seats.

Summary:

Driving or sitting in one posture for so many hours can result into severe back pain. There are a lot of solutions available like posture braces, massage therapy and so on, but not all are suitable for everyone. Relaxo Bak will increase your health and fitness and is very desirable for anyone who is overweight and have asthma symptoms .

The best solution of all your back problems could be an affordable Relaxo Bak Comfort Seat. Once you have bought it for yourself, you will be glad that you read this Relaxo Bak review. Before making any decision, Check all of the available option reading posture brace reviews. Relaxo Back comfort seat must be a good buy.

Categories: Life Tip